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How to Make Caramel

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Caramel is really just heated sugar. Pretty simple. But the complex flavor of caramel and its variety of uses make it a popular confection.


I’m a caramel lover. I’ll admit it. I like chocolate, but I love caramel. The great thing about caramel is that it’s easy to make and can be used a ton of different ways. Caramel is a simple confection – it can be described as "nearly burnt sugar." You heat up sugar slowly and once it reaches a specific point – BAM! It starts bubbling and turns brown. Turn off the heat and you have caramel.

melted sugar to make caramel

Obviously it is a bit more complex than that simple explanation, but in essence, you are causing a chemical reaction in the sugar once it reaches a specific temperature – generally about 335 degrees F. The chemical structure of the sugar changes and gives the resulting caramel a distinctive flavor.

caramel ingredients

Tips for Making Your Own


To make your own caramel, you just need sugar. Take a fair-sized sauce pan and put in sugar to cover the bottom – then add a little bit more. Turn the stove on low and let the sugar start to melt. After a few minutes stir the sugar to make sure it doesn’t burn. Once stirred, let the sugar melt some more before stirring again.

Caramel can be easily burnt if left too long, but stirring too much will get you some lumpy caramel. Use a candy thermometer occasionally to see how close you are getting to the magical carmelization point. Once the sugar has liquefied keep a close eye on it – once it starts turning brown, you’ll want to cook it for a minute longer. Take it off the stove after your caramel gets that nice light brown hue.

caramel popcorn and caramel recipes

Using in Recipes


If you let the caramel sit and cool, it will eventually harden and make a hard caramel candy. If you want thinner caramel sauce, you can mix in other ingredients such as cream or butter. For a great take on using a homemade caramel sauce, check out this flan recipe.

Caramel for popcorn is typically made in a similar fashion, but instead of only cooking sugar, you use brown sugar and add in corn syrup and vanilla. Once this sauce has caramelized, you can pour it over your popcorn, mix it up and bake at a low temperature. This helps dry out the caramel and gives the popcorn a nice crunchy texture. Baking the caramel corn for a shorter time will result in chewier caramel corn. Take a look at Betty Crocker’s caramel popcorn recipe featured below for the details.

If you want to make caramel candies, you can use sugar, butter, cream and vanilla. Once heated to about 250 degrees F, the mixture will start to caramelize. The end result is milk caramel – the milk is caramelized but not the sugars. You still get that great tasting caramel though. Who’s going to complain?

Of course, caramel can also be used for covering apples or any number of desserts. Check out Tablespoon's caramel collection for some inspiring recipes.


Have a favorite caramel recipe? Please share!

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